serval:BIB_F7505FE05D89
Solving Geophysical Inversion Problems with Intractable Likelihoods: Linearized Gaussian Approximations Versus the Correlated Pseudo-marginal Method
10.1007/s11004-023-10064-y
000998621300001
Friedli
Lea
author
Linde
Niklas
author
article
2023
Mathematical Geosciences
1874-8961
1874-8953
journal
A geophysical Bayesian inversion problem may target the posterior distribution of geological or hydrogeological parameters given geophysical data. To account for the scatter in the petrophysical relationship linking the target parameters to the geophysical properties, this study treats the intermediate geophysical properties as latent (unobservable) variables. To perform inversion in such a latent variable model, the intractable likelihood function of the (hydro)geological parameters given the geophysical data needs to be estimated. This can be achieved by approximation with a Gaussian probability density function based on local linearization of the geophysical forward operator, thereby, accounting for the noise in the petrophysical relationship by a corresponding addition to the data covariance matrix. The new approximate method is compared against the general correlated pseudo-marginal method, which estimates the likelihood by Monte Carlo averaging over samples of the latent variable. First, the performances of the two methods are tested on a synthetic test example, in which a multivariate Gaussian porosity field is inferred using crosshole ground-penetrating radar first-arrival travel times. For this example with rather small petrophysical uncertainty, the two methods provide near-identical estimates, while an inversion that ignores petrophysical uncertainty leads to biased estimates. The results of a sensitivity analysis are then used to suggest that the linearized Gaussian approach, while attractive due to its relative computational speed, suffers from a decreasing accuracy with increasing scatter in the petrophysical relationship. The computationally more expensive correlated pseudo-marginal method performs very well even for settings with high petrophysical uncertainty.
General Earth and Planetary Sciences
Mathematics (miscellaneous)
eng
60_published
SNF//184574
true
peer-reviewed
University of Lausanne
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