Article: article from journal or magazin.
Role of seipin in lipid droplet morphology and hepatitis C virus life cycle.
Journal of General Virology
Infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) particle assembly starts at the surface of lipid droplets, cytoplasmic organelles responsible for neutral fat storage. We analysed the relationship between HCV and seipin, a protein involved in lipid droplet maturation. Although seipin overexpression did not affect the total mean volume occupied by lipid droplets nor the total triglyceride and cholesterol ester levels per cell, it caused an increase in the mean diameter of lipid droplets by 60 %, while decreasing their total number per cell. The latter two effects combined resulted in a 34 % reduction of the total outer surface area of lipid droplets per cell, with a proportional decrease in infectious viral particle production, probably due to a defect in particle assembly. These results suggest that the available outer surface of lipid droplets is a critical factor for HCV release, independent of the neutral lipid content of the cell.
Cell Line, Tumor, GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits/genetics, GTP-Binding Protein gamma Subunits/metabolism, Gene Expression Regulation/physiology, Hepacivirus/physiology, Humans, Lipids/chemistry, Virus Internalization, Virus Replication/physiology
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