Article: article from journal or magazin.
Quelques abus de la statistique dans la recherche médicale [Various abuses of statistics in medical research].
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Publication types: English Abstract ; Journal Article Publication type : Article In WOS under the title : [Some misuses of statistics in medical research] A1987G919400004
Statistics has become an indispensable tool in biomedical research. Thanks, in particular, to computer science, the researcher has easy access to elementary "classical" procedures. These are often of a "confirmatory" nature: their aim is to test hypotheses (for example the efficacy of a treatment) prior to experimentation. However, doctors often use them in situations more complex than foreseen, to discover interesting data structures and formulate hypotheses. This inverse process may lead to misuse which increases the number of "statistically proven" results in medical publications. The help of a professional statistician thus becomes necessary. Moreover, good, simple "exploratory" techniques are now available. In addition, medical data contain quite a high percentage of outliers (data that deviate from the majority). With classical methods it is often very difficult (even for a statistician!) to detect them and the reliability of results becomes questionable. New, reliable ("robust") procedures have been the subject of research for the past two decades. Their practical introduction is one of the activities of the Statistics and Data Processing Department of the University of Social and Preventive Medicine, Lausanne.
Humans, Research Design/standards, Software, Statistics as Topic/standards
Web of science
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