Article: article from journal or magazin.
A new type of bacteriophytochrome acts in tandem with a classical bacteriophytochrome to control the antennae synthesis in Rhodopseudomonas palustris.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article
Phytochromes are chromoproteins found in plants and bacteria that switch between two photointerconvertible forms via the photoisomerization of their chromophore. These two forms, Pr and Pfr, absorb red and far-red light, respectively. We have characterized the biophysical and biochemical properties of two bacteriophytochromes, RpBphP2 and RpBphP3, from the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris. Their genes are contiguous and localized near the pucBAd genes encoding the polypeptides of the light harvesting complexes LH4, whose synthesis depends on the light intensity. At variance with all (bacterio)phytochromes studied so far, the light-induced isomerization of the chromophore of RpBphP3 converts the Pr form to a form absorbing at shorter wavelength around 645 nm, designated as Pnr for near red. The quantum yield for the transformation of Pr into Pnr is about 6-fold smaller than for the reverse reaction. Both RpBphP2 and RpBphP3 autophosphorylate in their dark-adapted Pr forms and transfer their phosphate to a common response regulator Rpa3017. Under semiaerobic conditions, LH4 complexes replace specifically the LH2 complexes in wild-type cells illuminated by wavelengths comprised between 680 and 730 nm. In contrast, mutants deleted in each of these two bacteriophytochromes display no variation in the composition of their light harvesting complexes whatever the light intensity. From both the peculiar properties of these bacteriophytochromes and the phenotypes of their deletion mutants, we propose that they operate in tandem to control the synthesis of LH4 complexes by measuring the relative intensities of 645 and 710 nm lights.
Amino Acid Sequence, Biochemical Phenomena, Biochemistry, Biophysical Phenomena, Biophysics, Cysteine/chemistry, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Light, Models, Chemical, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Phenotype, Phosphorylation, Photosynthetic Reaction Center Complex Proteins/chemistry, Phytochrome/chemistry, Phytochrome/classification, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Recombinant Proteins/chemistry, Rhodopseudomonas/physiology, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Spectrophotometry, Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared, Time Factors
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