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Sterblichkeit während Grippeepidemien in der Schweiz 1969-1985. [Mortality in influenza epidemics in Switzerland 1969-1985].
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
In Switzerland from 1969-1985, 9 out of 11 influenza epidemics were associated with a statistically significant increase in mortality. A total of 12,202 excess deaths from all causes was identified. Expected deaths were forecast for each epidemic period separately for 4 age groups using Fourier and Arima modeling. 75.7% of all-cause excess deaths occurred in age group 70 to 89 and 5.1% in age group 1-59. In the 70-89 years old group the excess mortality risk during influenza epidemics was 271.6 per 100,000, whereas in age group 1-59 it was only 1.7 per 100,000. Only 40% of all excess deaths had been ascribed to acute respiratory conditions. Influenza viruses A H3N2 were the most frequently identified agents. In some instances mortality increased before the morbidity reports of the Swiss practitioners indicated the occurrence of an epidemic. Also, morbidity reporting decreased over successive years. A decrease in mortality following the epidemics was not observed. A more complete vaccination of high risk patients in Switzerland is desirable.
Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Child, Child, Preschool, Disease Outbreaks, Fourier Analysis, Humans, Infant, Influenza A virus, Influenza, Human/epidemiology, Influenza, Human/microbiology, Middle Aged, Switzerland
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