Article: article from journal or magazin.
Thermogenesis in obese women: effect of fructose vs. glucose added to a meal.
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
4 Pt 1
To assess the effect of a fructose meal on resting energy expenditure (EE), indirect calorimetry was used in 23 women (10 lean and 13 obese) for 30 min before and 6 h after the ingestion of a mixed meal containing 20% protein, 33% fat, and either 75 g glucose or 75 g fructose as carbohydrate source (47%). Expressed as a percentage of the energy content of the meal, the thermogenic response to the fructose meal was significantly greater (10.2 +/- 0.5%) than that of the glucose meal (8.4 +/- 0.4%, P less than 0.01). This difference was still apparent when the lean and obese women were considered separately. The mean respiratory quotient during the 6-h postprandial period was significantly greater (P less than 0.01) for the fructose (0.85 +/- 0.01) than for the glucose meal (0.83 +/- 0.01) in the combined subjects. In addition, cumulative carbohydrate oxidation was significantly greater after the fructose than after the glucose meal (51.1 +/- 2.3 vs. 40.9 +/- 2.0 g/6 h, respectively, P less than 0.01). Only small changes were observed in postprandial plasma levels of glucose and insulin after the fructose meal, but the plasma levels of lactate increased more with fructose than with the glucose meal. These results suggest that there might be some advantages (higher thermogenesis and carbohydrate oxidations) in using fructose as part of the carbohydrate source in diet of people with obesity and/or insulin resistance.
Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Body Temperature Regulation/drug effects, Carbohydrate Metabolism, Diet, Energy Metabolism, Female, Fructose/administration & dosage, Fructose/pharmacology, Glucose/administration & dosage, Glucose/pharmacology, Humans, Obesity/blood, Obesity/physiopathology, Oxidation-Reduction, Pulmonary Gas Exchange, Reference Values
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