Article: article from journal or magazin.
Neuroendocrine regulation and central dopamine (DA) systems in physical and psychological stress
Journal de Physiologie
Physical and psychological stress cause different patterns of changes in the fluorescence intensity of nigral and tuberoinfundibular DA neurons which point to changes in neuronal activity. In order to investigate possible interactions between alpha-MSH (alpha-melanotropin) and DA systems in stress, systemic and intraventricular injections of antiserum against alpha-MSH were made. The functional state of DA neurons was assessed by histochemical microfluorimetry and hormone levels were measured by radioimmunossay. Antiserum against alpha-MSH was found to affect the functional state of DA neurons, but only thorugh the intravenous route. Under physical stress i.v. injection of antiserum against alpha-MSH was accompanied by elevated levels of activity of the DA neurons of the substantia nigra. An intraventricular injection of the same antiserum was ineffective. In psychological stress, an effect was again seen only after intravenous injection of antiserum against alpha-MSH. In this situation, the activity in DA cell groups of the substantia nigra, ventral tegmental area and tubero-infundibular system was increased after antiserum injection. Possible influences from manipulations were checked; certain effects which depended upon experimental situation were noted. Our data suggest a modulatory influence of circulating alpha-MSH on the functional state of central DA systems.
Animals Dopamine/*physiology Humans Immune Sera/pharmacology Male Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones/immunology/*physiology Neurons/*physiology Rats Stress, Physiological/*physiopathology Stress, Psychological/*physiopathology
Web of science
Last modification date