Article: article from journal or magazin.
Surgical procedure affects physiological parameters in rat myocardial ischemia: need for mechanical ventilation.
American Journal of Physiology
2 Pt 2
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Several surgical approaches are being used to induce myocardial ischemia in rats. The present study investigated two different operative procedures in spontaneously breathing and mechanically ventilated rats under sham conditions. A snare around the left coronary artery (LCA) was achieved without occlusion. Left lateral thoracotomy was performed in spontaneously breathing and mechanically ventilated rats (tidal volume 8 ml/kg) with a respiratory rate of 90 strokes/min at different levels of O2 supplementation (room air and 30, 40, and 90% O2). All animals were observed for 60 min after thoracotomy. Rats operated with exteriorization of the heart through left lateral thoracotomy while breathing spontaneously developed severe hypoxia and hypercapnia despite an intrathoracic operation time of <1 min. Arterial O2 content decreased from 18.7 +/- 0.5 to 3.3 +/- 0.9 vol%. Lactate increased from 1.2 +/- 0.1 to 5.2 +/- 0.3 mmol/l. Significant signs of ischemia were seen in the electrocardiogram up to 60 min. Mechanically ventilated animals exhibited a spectrum ranging from hypoxia (room air) to hyperoxia (90% O2). In order not to jeopardize findings in experimental myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury models, stable physiological parameters can be achieved in mechanically ventilated rats at an O2 application of 30-40% at 90 strokes/min.
Animals, Arteries, Blood Pressure/physiology, Disease Models, Animal, Electrocardiography, Electrolytes/blood, Female, Heart Rate/physiology, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Lactic Acid/blood, Male, Myocardial Ischemia/blood, Myocardial Ischemia/etiology, Oxygen/blood, Partial Pressure, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Respiration, Artificial, Thoracotomy/methods
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