The presence of a CD4(+) CD25(high) CD45RO(+) CD127(high) T cell population correlates with the clinical status of kidney transplant recipients

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F81D421E7A36
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The presence of a CD4(+) CD25(high) CD45RO(+) CD127(high) T cell population correlates with the clinical status of kidney transplant recipients
Titre de la conférence
8th American Transplant Congress
Auteur(s)
Vallotton Laure, Codarri Laura, Ciuffreda Donatella, Hadaya Karine, Buhler Leo, Venetz Jean-Pierre, Pantaleo Giuseppe, Pascual Manuel
Adresse
Toronto, Canada, May 31-June 4, 2008
ISBN
1600-6135
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2008
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Série
American Journal of Transplantation
Pages
473
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Résumé
Introduction: Recent data have suggested that a population of CD4+ CD25high T cells, phenotypically characterized by the expression of CD45RO and CD127, is significantly expanded in stable liver and kidney transplant recipients and represents alloreactive T cells. We analyzed this putative new alloreactive cellular marker in various groups of kidney transplant recipients.
Patients & methods: Flow cytometry was used to analyze the expression of CD25, CD45RO and CD127 on peripheral CD4+ T cells. Of 73 kidney transplant recipients, 59 had a stable graft function under standard immunosuppressive therapy (IS), 5 had biopsy-proven chronic humoral rejection (CHR), 8 were stable under minimal IS and
one was an operationally "tolerant" patient who had discontinued IS for more than 3 years. Sixty-six healthy subjects (HS) were studied as controls.
Results: Overall, the alloreactive T cell population was found to be significantly increased in the 73 kidney recipients (mean ± SE: 15.03 ± 1.04% of CD4+ CD25high T cells) compared to HS (5.93 ± 0.39%) (p<0.001). In the 5 patients with CHR, this population was highly expanded (31.33 ± 4.16%), whereas it was comparable to HS
in the 8 stable recipients receiving minimal IS (6.12 ± 0.86%), in 4 patients who had been switched to sirolimus (4.21 ± 0.53%) as well as in the unique "tolerant" recipient (4.69%). Intermediate levels (15.84 ± 0.93%) were found in the 55 recipients with stable graft function on standard CNI-based IS. Regulatory T cells, defined as CD4+CD25high FoxP3+ CD127low, were found to be significantly reduced in all recipients except in those with minimal or no IS, and this reduction was particularly striking in recipients with CHR.
Conclusion: After kidney transplantation, an alloreactive T cell population was found to be significantly expanded and it correlates with the clinical status of the recipients. Interestingly, in stable patients with minimal (or no) IS as well as in patients on sirolimus,
alloreactive T cells were comparable the healthy controls. Measuring circulating CD4+CD25high CD45RO+ CD127high T cells may become a useful monitoring tool after transplantation.
Mots-clé
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Web of science
Création de la notice
29/12/2010 9:39
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:24
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