Canakinumab Relieves Symptoms of Acute Flares and Improves Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQoL) in Difficult-To-Treat Gouty Arthritis Patients by Suppressing Inflammation: Results of a Randomized, Dose-Ranging Study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F7C9D272A1B2
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Abstract (résumé de présentation): article court qui reprend les éléments essentiels présentés à l'occasion d'une conférence scientifique dans un poster ou lors d'une intervention orale.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Canakinumab Relieves Symptoms of Acute Flares and Improves Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQoL) in Difficult-To-Treat Gouty Arthritis Patients by Suppressing Inflammation: Results of a Randomized, Dose-Ranging Study
Titre de la conférence
2011 AAAAI Annual Meeting, American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
Auteur(s)
So A., DeMeulenmeester M., Yucel E., Arulmani U., Richard D., Murphy V., Sallstig P., Schlesinger N.
Adresse
San Francisco, California, March 18-22, 2011
ISBN
0091-6749
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
127
Série
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Pages
AB227
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Résumé
RATIONALE:We investigated the impact of canakinumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-1b monoclonal antibody on inflammation and HRQoL in gouty arthritis patients.METHODS: In this 8-week, single-blind, dose-ranging study, patients with acute gouty arthritis flares, unresponsive/intolerant or contraindicated to NSAIDs and/or colchicine were randomized to single subcutaneous canakinumab (10, 25, 50, 90, or 150mg, N5143) or single intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide (TA, 40mg, N557). Patients assessed pain (Likert scale), physicians assessed clinical signs of joint inflammation, and HRQoL was recorded using SF-36.RESULTS: At baseline, 98% patients had moderate-to-extreme pain, 85% had moderate/severe joint swelling, 64-79% had elevated inflammatory markers and HRQoL scores indicated impaired physical function. Percentage of patients with no/mild pain was numerically greater in most canakinumab groups vs. TA, 24-72h post-dose; difference significant for 150mg group at these time-points (P<0.05). Canakinumab 150mg was associated with significantly lower Likert scores for tenderness [OR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.27-7.89; P50.014] and swelling (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.09-6.50, P50.032) at 72h vs. TA; erythema was not different. Median CRP and SAA levels normalized by 7 days post-dose in most canakinumab groups, but remained elevated in TA. Physical function improved at 7 days postdose in all groups, highest improvement for canakinumab 150mg. SF-36 scores for physical functioning and bodily pain with canakinumab 150mg approached US general population scores by 7 days post-dose and exceeded normal values by 8 weeks post-dose.CONCLUSION: Canakinumab 150mg produced significantly greater and rapid pain-relief and improvements in HRQoL vs. TAin acute gouty arthritis patients.
Mots-clé
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Web of science
Création de la notice
10/11/2011 9:53
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:50
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