Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Canakinumab Relieves Symptoms of Acute Flares and Improves Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQoL) in Difficult-To-Treat Gouty Arthritis Patients by Suppressing Inflammation: Results of a Randomized, Dose-Ranging Study
Title of the conference
2011 AAAAI Annual Meeting, American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology
San Francisco, California, March 18-22, 2011
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
RATIONALE:We investigated the impact of canakinumab, a fully human anti-interleukin-1b monoclonal antibody on inflammation and HRQoL in gouty arthritis patients.METHODS: In this 8-week, single-blind, dose-ranging study, patients with acute gouty arthritis flares, unresponsive/intolerant or contraindicated to NSAIDs and/or colchicine were randomized to single subcutaneous canakinumab (10, 25, 50, 90, or 150mg, N5143) or single intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide (TA, 40mg, N557). Patients assessed pain (Likert scale), physicians assessed clinical signs of joint inflammation, and HRQoL was recorded using SF-36.RESULTS: At baseline, 98% patients had moderate-to-extreme pain, 85% had moderate/severe joint swelling, 64-79% had elevated inflammatory markers and HRQoL scores indicated impaired physical function. Percentage of patients with no/mild pain was numerically greater in most canakinumab groups vs. TA, 24-72h post-dose; difference significant for 150mg group at these time-points (P<0.05). Canakinumab 150mg was associated with significantly lower Likert scores for tenderness [OR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.27-7.89; P50.014] and swelling (OR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.09-6.50, P50.032) at 72h vs. TA; erythema was not different. Median CRP and SAA levels normalized by 7 days post-dose in most canakinumab groups, but remained elevated in TA. Physical function improved at 7 days postdose in all groups, highest improvement for canakinumab 150mg. SF-36 scores for physical functioning and bodily pain with canakinumab 150mg approached US general population scores by 7 days post-dose and exceeded normal values by 8 weeks post-dose.CONCLUSION: Canakinumab 150mg produced significantly greater and rapid pain-relief and improvements in HRQoL vs. TAin acute gouty arthritis patients.
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