Article: article from journal or magazin.
Alteration of neuromuscular function in squash
Journal of Science and Medicine In Sport / Sports Medicine Australia
The alteration in neuromuscular function of knee extensor muscles was characterised after a squash match in 10 trained players. Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) and surface EMG activity of vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis (VM) muscles were measured before and immediately after a 1-h squash match. M-wave and twitch contractile properties were analysed following single stimuli. MVC declined (280.5+/-46.8 vs. 233.6+/-35.4 Nm, -16%; P<0.001) after the exercise and this was accompanied by an impairment of central activation, as attested by decline in voluntary activation (76.7+/-10.4 vs. 71.3+/-9.6%, -7%; P<0.05) and raw EMG activity of the two vastii (-17%; P<0.05), whereas RMS/M decrease was lesser (VL: -5%; NS and VM: -12%; P=0.10). In the fatigued state, no significant changes in M-wave amplitude (VL: -9%; VM: -5%) or duration were observed. Following exercise, the single twitch was characterised by lower peak torque (-20%; P<0.001) as well as shorter half-relaxation time (-13%; P<0.001) and reduced maximal rate of twitch tension development (-23%; P<0.001) and relaxation (-17%; P<0.05). A 1-h squash match play caused peripheral fatigue by impairing excitation-contraction coupling, whereas sarcolemmal excitability seems well preserved. Our results also emphasise the role of central activation failure as a possible mechanism contributing to the torque loss observed in knee extensors. Physical conditioners should consider these effects when defining their training programs for squash players.
Adult, Electromyography, Exercise Test, Humans, Knee Joint/physiology, Male, Muscle Contraction/physiology, Muscle Fatigue/physiology, Muscle, Skeletal/physiopathology, Neuromuscular Junction/physiopathology, Racquet Sports/physiology, Tremor/physiopathology, Young Adult
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