Article: article from journal or magazin.
Can knitting structure affect dilation of polyester bifurcated prostheses? A randomized study with the use of helical computed tomography scanning.
Journal of Vascular Surgery
1 Pt 1
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the postoperative dilation of two types of knitted polyester arterial prostheses with the use of helical computed tomographic scanning. METHODS: Thirty-four patients who underwent aortoiliac or aortofemoral bifurcation grafting were randomized to receive a collagen-sealed warp-knitted polyester graft (n = 16 patients) or a gelatin-sealed Köper-knitted polyester graft (n = 18 patients). Alterations in size of all parts of the grafts were evaluated by helical computed tomographic scanning at postoperative day 8, at 3 months, and at 6 months. RESULTS: On postoperative day 8, the mean dilation of the Köper-knitted grafts was 18% +/- 8% for the stem and 15% +/- 12% for the limbs. At the same time period, the mean dilation of warp-knitted grafts was 27% +/- 13% for the stem and 33% +/- 18% for the limbs. No increase in graft dilation was observed at 3 and 6 months. Despite the wide range of values among patients with the same graft type, at each time interval, the Köper-knitted grafts dilated significantly less than the warp-knitted grafts (P <. 05). CONCLUSION: In this randomized study, helical computed tomographic scanning was an accurate technique with which to assess graft dilation. For a 6-month follow-up interval, the Köper-knitted polyester structure dilated less than the warp-knitted structure. Longer-term serial scans should allow a better understanding of the clinical significance of graft dilation.
Aged, Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/radiography, Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery, Aortic Diseases/radiography, Aortic Diseases/surgery, Arterial Occlusive Diseases/radiography, Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery, Blood Vessel Prosthesis/standards, Equipment Failure Analysis, Female, Humans, Iliac Artery, Male, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Middle Aged, Polyesters/standards, Prospective Studies, Prosthesis Design, Prosthesis Failure, Risk Factors, Surface Properties, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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