Neural correlates of the affect regulation model in schizophrenia patients with substance use history : a functional magnetic resonance imaging study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_F09191474BD5
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Neural correlates of the affect regulation model in schizophrenia patients with substance use history : a functional magnetic resonance imaging study
Périodique
The Journal of clinical psychiatry
Auteur(s)
Mancini-Marïe A., Potvin S., Fahim C., Beauregard M., Mensour B., Stip E.
ISSN
0160-6689
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Volume
67
Numéro
3
Pages
342-50
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
BACKGROUND: The lifetime prevalence of substance use disorders among schizophrenia patients is close to 50%. The negative consequences of substance abuse in schizophrenia are well documented, but the etiology of this comorbid condition remains unknown. According to the affect regulation model, schizophrenia patients abuse drugs in order to cope with their negative affects. Supporting the model, clinical studies have shown that dual-diagnosis patients have less blunting of affect and that they experience more negative affect. We hypothesized that patients with a history of substance use would have increased cerebral activations in response to aversive stimuli when compared to abstinent patients. METHOD: Schizophrenia patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with (SCZ-SU group; N = 12) and without (SCZ group; N = 11) a current or past substance use disorder (alcohol, cannabis, and/or LSD). Diagnoses were made according to DSM-IV criteria. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), patients were scanned during passive viewing of emotionally negative pictures (International Affective Picture System). Data were gathered from September 2001 to December 2003. RESULTS: Subjectively, the emotional experience induced by viewing the negative pictures was rated significantly higher in the SCZ-SU group than in the SCZ group (p = .008). Neurally, in the SCZ-SU group, significant loci of activation were identified in the right medial prefrontal cortex (Brodmann's area [BA] 10), left medial prefrontal cortex (BA 10), right orbitofrontal cortex (BA 47), and left amygdala. No significant loci of activation were observed in the SCZ group. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the functioning of the medial prefrontal cortex, thought to be impaired in patients with prominent negative symptoms, is more preserved in dual-diagnosis schizophrenia. This relative preservation could be primary or secondary to substance use.
Mots-clé
Adaptation, Psychological / physiology, Adult, Affect / physiology, Brain Mapping, Cerebral Cortex / physiology, Comorbidity, Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry), Female, Functional Laterality / physiology, Humans, Limbic System / physiology, Longitudinal Studies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods, Magnetic Resonance Imaging / statistics & numerical data, Male, Middle Aged, Models, Neurological, Oxygen / blood, Prefrontal Cortex / physiology, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Schizophrenia / diagnosis, Schizophrenia / epidemiology, Schizophrenic Psychology, Self Medication / psychology, Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis, Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
Pubmed
Création de la notice
24/06/2009 14:38
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 22:36
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