Article: article from journal or magazin.
Membrane insertion and antibody recognition of a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein: an optical study.
The kinetics of binding of a glycolipid-anchored protein (the promastigote surface protease, PSP) to planar lecithin bilayers is studied by an integrated optics technique, in which the bilayer membrane is supported on an optical wave guide and the phase velocities of guided light modes in the wave guide are measured. From these velocities, the optical parameters of the membrane and PSP layers deposited on the waveguide are determined, yielding in particular the mass of PSP bound to the membrane, which is followed in real time. From a comparison of the binding rates of PSP and PSP from which the lipid moiety has been removed, it is shown that the lipid moiety plays a key role in anchoring the protein to the membrane. Specific and nonspecific binding of antibodies to membrane-anchored PSP is also investigated. As little as a fifth of a monolayer of PSP is sufficient to suppress the appreciable nonspecific binding of antibodies to the membrane.
Animals, Antibodies, Protozoan/immunology, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols/immunology, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols/metabolism, Kinetics, Leishmania/immunology, Leishmania/metabolism, Lipid Bilayers, Membrane Proteins/immunology, Membrane Proteins/metabolism, Metalloendopeptidases/immunology, Metalloendopeptidases/metabolism, Optics and Photonics
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