Congenital hyperinsulinism and mosaic abnormalities of the ploidy.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_EEF2A85A1392
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Congenital hyperinsulinism and mosaic abnormalities of the ploidy.
Périodique
Journal of Medical Genetics
Auteur(s)
Giurgea I., Sanlaville D., Fournet J.C., Sempoux C., Bellanné-Chantelot C., Touati G., Hubert L., Groos M.S., Brunelle F., Rahier J., Henquin J.C., Dunne M.J., Jaubert F., Robert J.J., Nihoul-Fékété C., Vekemans M., Junien C., de Lonlay P.
ISSN
1468-6244 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0022-2593
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
43
Numéro
3
Pages
248-254
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Case Reports ; Letter ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
PDF: Letter to the editor
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Congenital hyperinsulinism and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome both lead to beta islet hyperplasia and neonatal hypoglycaemia. They may be related to complex genetic/epigenetic abnormalities of the imprinted 11p15 region. The possibility of common pathophysiological determinants has not been thoroughly investigated.
OBJECTIVE: To report abnormalities of the ploidy in two unrelated patients with congenital hyperinsulinism.
METHODS: Two patients with severe congenital hyperinsulinism, one overlapping with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, had pancreatic histology, ex vivo potassium channel electrophysiological studies, and mutation detection of the encoding genes. The parental genetic contribution was explored using genome-wide polymorphism, fluorescent in situ hybridisation (FISH), and blood group typing studies.
RESULTS: Histological findings diverged from those described in focal congenital hyperinsulinism or Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. No potassium channel dysfunction and no mutation of its encoding genes (SUR1, KIR6.2) were detected. In patient 1 with congenital hyperinsulinism and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, paternal isodisomy for the whole haploid set was homogeneous in the pancreatic lesion, and mosaic in the leucocytes and skin fibroblasts (hemihypertrophic segment). Blood group typing confirmed the presence of two erythroid populations (bi-parental v paternal only contribution). Patient 2 had two pancreatic lesions, both revealing triploidy with paternal heterodisomy. Karyotype and FISH analyses done on the fibroblasts and leucocytes of both patients were unremarkable (diploidy).
CONCLUSIONS: Diploid (biparental/paternal-only) mosaicism and diploid/triploid mosaicism were present in two distinct patients with congenital hyperinsulinism. These chromosomal abnormalities led to paternal disomy for the whole haploid set in pancreatic lesions (with isodisomy or heterodisomy), thereby extending the range and complexity of the mechanisms underlying congenital hyperinsulinism, associated or not with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
Mots-clé
Chromosome Aberrations, Congenital Abnormalities/genetics, Female, Humans, Hyperinsulinism/congenital, Hyperinsulinism/genetics, Infant, Newborn, Male, Mosaicism, Ploidies
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
20/10/2016 17:15
Dernière modification de la notice
03/10/2018 14:32
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