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Rivascolarizzazione miocardica con arteria radiale: tecniche chirurgiche a confronto e risultati a breve termine [Myocardial revascularization and radial artery: different surgical strategies and short-term results]
Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
BACKGROUND: The radial artery is routinely used as a graft for surgical arterial myocardial revascularization. The proximal radial artery anastomosis site remains unknown. In this study, we analyzed the short-term results and the operative risk determinants after having used four different common techniques for radial artery implantation. METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2004, 571 patients underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with radial arteries. Data were analyzed for the entire population and for subgroups following the proximal radial artery anastomosis site: 140 T-graft with the mammary artery (group A), 316 free-grafts with the proximal anastomosis to the ascending aorta (group B), 55 mammary arteries in situ elongated with the radial artery (group C) and 60 radial arteries elongated with a piece of mammary artery and anastomosed to the ascending aorta (group D). RESULTS: The mean age was 53.8 +/- 7.7 years; 55.5% of patients had a previous myocardial infarction and 73% presented with a satisfactory left ventricular function. A complete arterial myocardial revascularization was achieved in 532 cases (93.2%) and 90.2% of the procedures were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass and cardioplegic arrest. The operative mortality rate was 0.9%, a postoperative myocardial infarction was diagnosed in 19 patients (3.3%), an intra-aortic balloon pump was used in 10 patients (1.7%) and a mechanical circulatory device was implanted in 2 patients. The radial artery harvesting site remained always free from complications. The proximal radial artery anastomosis site was not a determinant of early hospital mortality. Group C showed a higher risk of postoperative myocardial infarction (p = 0.09), together with female gender (p = 0.003), hypertension (p = 0.059) and a longer cardiopulmonary bypass time. CONCLUSIONS: The radial artery and the mammary artery can guarantee multiple arterial revascularization also for patients with contraindications to double mammary artery use. The four most common techniques for proximal radial artery anastomosis are not related to a higher operative risk and they can be used alternatively to reach the best surgical results
complications , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Male , methods , Middle Aged , mortality , Myocardial Revascularization , Patients , Radial Artery , Retrospective Studies , Risk , surgery , Time Factors , transplantation , Treatment Outcome
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