Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Prenatal ultrasonographic description and postnatal pathological findings in atelosteogenesis type 1.
American Journal of Medical Genetics
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't ; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.Publication Status: ppublish
Atelosteogenesis type 1 (AO1) is a rare lethal chondrodysplasia characterized by incomplete ossification of cartilage anlagen. Histologically, the cartilage contains irregular clusters that occasionally include giant chondrocytes. Pulmonary hypoplasia is a characteristic finding that has been presumed to be the cause of neonatal lethality. We report on a male fetus with AO1 and document the early ultrasonographic/ radiologic progression of this disorder from 15 weeks gestation until delivery at 41 weeks. While the radiological findings we describe are typical of AO1 by the lack of proximal and middle phalangeal ossification, the complete radiological picture showed considerable overlap with boomerang dysplasia. Although pulmonary hypoplasia was present, it was moderate and considered unlikely to be the sole cause of death. Detailed neonatal and postmortem examination showed severe subglottic hypoplasia and tracheomalacia. The tracheal walls were supported by thin and pliable cartilaginous plates that allowed luminal collapse with minimal pressure. The marked luminal narrowing, tracheomalacia, and temporal proximity of extubation to demise support tracheal collapse as a major contributor to the death in AO1. The detailed description of this patient should contribute to earlier diagnosis of this condition; anticipation of the poor prognosis in AO1 is essential for appropriate genetic counseling of the parents and for determining postnatal treatment options.
Abnormalities, Multiple/pathology, Bone and Bones/abnormalities, Bone and Bones/pathology, Female, Gestational Age, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Limb Deformities, Congenital/pathology, Limb Deformities, Congenital/radiography, Male, Pregnancy, Prenatal Diagnosis
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