Article: article from journal or magazin.
Epinephrine sensitivity with respect to metabolic rate and other variables in women.
AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism
5 Pt 1
Publication types: Journal Article
A test for determination of epinephrine sensitivity has been worked out using six healthy young women. Variables considered were metabolic rate, heart rate, respiratory frequency, blood pressure, blood glucose, plasma insulin, glycerol, free fatty acids, and lactate. After established basal conditions, epinephrine was infused at rates of 0.01, 0.03, and 0.1 microgram X kg fat-free mass-1 X min-1. Most variables responded to epinephrine in a dose-dependent manner. Physiological threshold plasma concentrations of epinephrine ranged from 95 to 250 pg/ml for different variables. Calculated maximal responses ranged from approximately -15% to +900% of basal values and infusion rates giving half-maximal responses from approximately 15 to 190 ng X kg fat-free mass-1 X min-1. On an average, metabolic rate increased by 8, 16, and 29%, respectively, at the three infusion rates, and the maximal metabolic response was calculated to be approximately 35%. The error in determining epinephrine-induced increments in metabolic rate was 7% of the response. As calculated from nonprotein RQ, carbohydrate oxidation increased and lipid oxidation decreased rapidly during the first 10 min of epinephrine infusion. Later, fat oxidation became more important. Results on epinephrine plasma metabolic clearance rate agreed with earlier results in the literature.
Adult, Basal Metabolism/drug effects, Blood Glucose/metabolism, Blood Pressure/drug effects, Energy Metabolism/drug effects, Epinephrine/pharmacology, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Female, Glycerol/blood, Heart Rate/drug effects, Humans, Insulin/blood, Kinetics, Lactates/blood, Lactic Acid, Respiration/drug effects
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