Article: article from journal or magazin.
A multimodality vascular imaging phantom with fiducial markers visible in DSA, CTA, MRA, and ultrasound.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
The objective was to design a vascular phantom compatible with digital subtraction angiography, computerized tomography angiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Fiducial markers were implanted at precise known locations in the phantom to facilitate identification and orientation of plane views from three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructed images. A vascular conduit connected to tubing at the extremities of the phantom ran through an agar-based gel filling it. A vessel wall in latex was included around the conduit to avoid diffusion of contrast agents. Using a lost-material casting technique based on a low melting point metal, geometries of pathological vessels were modeled. During the experimental testing, fiducial markers were detectable in all modalities without distortion. No leak of gadolinium through the vascular wall was observed on MRA after 5 hours. Moreover, no significant deformation of the vascular conduit was noted during the fabrication process (confirmed by microtome slicing along the vessel). The potential use of the phantom for calibration, rescaling, and fusion of 3-D images obtained from the different modalities as well as its use for the evaluation of intra- and inter-modality comparative studies of imaging systems are discussed. In conclusion, the vascular phantom can allow accurate calibration of radiological imaging devices based on x-ray, magnetic resonance and ultrasound and quantitative comparisons of the geometric accuracy of the vessel lumen obtained with each of these methods on a given well defined 3-D geometry.
Agar, Angiography, Angiography, Digital Subtraction, Biophysical Phenomena, Biophysics, Blood Vessels, Gels, Glass, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Angiography, Models, Anatomic, Oils, Phantoms, Imaging, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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