Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Lapatax: Safety profile of neoadjuvant lapatinib combined with docetaxel in Her 2/neu overexpressing breast cancer - EORTC protocol 10054
Title of the conference
15th Congress of the European-Cancer-Organization/34th Multidisciplinary Congress of the European-Society-for-Medical-Oncology
Berlin, Germany, September 20-24, 2009
Objective: To assess the safety/tolerability of the combination lapatinib (L) and docetaxel (D) in patients with Her 2/neu overexpressing breast cancer (BC). This study is important as it will define how to deliver lapatinib with taxotere, a highly active drug in breast cancer. Patients and Methods: Female patients (pts) with locally advanced, inflammatory or large operable BC were treated with escalating doses of L from 1000 to 1250 mg/day, in combination with D given IV every 21 days at doses ranging from 75 to 100 mg/m2 for 4 cycles. At least 3 pts were treated at each dose level. The definition of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is based on the toxicity assessed at cycle 1 as follows: any grade 3−4 non hematological toxicity, ANC < 0.5 G/L lasting for 7 days or more, febrile neutropenia or thrombocytopenia <25 G/L. GCSF was not permitted as primary prophylaxis. Core biopsies were mandatory at baseline and after cycle 4. Pharmcokinetic (PK) samples were collected on day 1 of cycles 1 and 2. Results: To date, 18 pts with a median age of 53 years (range 36−65) have been enrolled at 5 Dose Levels (DLs). The toxicity profile for 18 patients (68 documented cycles) is summarized below. At DL5 (1000/100), 2 pts had DLTs (neutropenia grade 4 _7 days and febrile neutropenia), and 3 additional pts were enrolled with primary prophylactic G-CSF. As expected, the safety profile improved and the dose escalation will continue with prophylactic G-CSF to investigate DL6 (1250/100). These findings are consistent with published Phase I data for this combination . N= 18 patients n (%) Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 neutropenia 1 (6) 3 (17) 13 (72) febrile neutropenia 2 (11) fatigue 8 (44) 7 (39) diarrhoea 9 (50) 3 (17) pain: joint/muscle/other 5 (28)/4 (22)/3 (17) 4 (22)/4 (22)/3 (17) 0/0/1 (6) constipation 2 (11) 3 (17) 1 (6) elevated transaminases SGPT/SGOT 7 (39)/5 (28) Conclusions: The main toxicity of the L + D combination is haematological and was reached at DL5 (1000/100), without primary GCSF. An additional DL6 with primary prophylactic GCSF is being investigated (1250/100). PK data will be presented at the meeting plus the recommended dose for phase II studies.
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