Article: article from journal or magazin.
Molecular recognition of B-DNA by Hoechst 33258.
Nucleic Acids Research
The binding sites of Hoechst 33258, netropsin and distamycin on three DNA restriction fragments from plasmid pBR322 were compared by footprinting with methidiumpropyl-EDTA X Fe(II) [MPE X Fe(II)]. Hoechst, netropsin and distamycin share common binding sites that are five +/- one bp in size and rich in A X T DNA base pairs. The five base pair protection patterns for Hoechst may result from a central three base pair recognition site bound by two bisbenzimidazole NHs forming a bridge on the floor of the minor groove between adjacent adenine N3 and thymine O2 atoms on opposite helix strands. Hydrophobic interaction of the flanking phenol and N-methylpiperazine rings would afford a steric blockade of one additional base pair on each side.
Base Sequence, Benzimidazoles/pharmacology, Binding Sites, Bisbenzimidazole/pharmacology, DNA, Distamycins/pharmacology, Netropsin/pharmacology
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