Article: article from journal or magazin.
Thermogenesis in men and women induced by fructose vs glucose added to a meal.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Energy expenditure (EE) was measured by indirect calorimetry in 20 subjects (10 men and 10 women) for 30 min before and 6 h after the ingestion of a mixed meal containing 20% protein, 33% fat, and either 75 g glucose or 75 g fructose as carbohydrate source (47%). Diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and the rate of carbohydrate oxidation were significantly greater with fructose (12.4 +/- 0.6% and 54.8 +/- 2.1 g/6 h, respectively) than with glucose (10.7 +/- 0.7%, p less than 0.01, and 48.3 +/- 2.4 g/6 h, p less than 0.01, respectively). The DIT of male (12.1 +/- 1% and 13.9 +/- 0.8% with glucose and fructose, respectively) was greater than that of female subjects (9.2 +/- 0.7%, p less than 0.05, and 11.0 +/- 0.7%, p less than 0.05, respectively). In contrast to the glucose meal, negligible changes in plasma levels of glucose and insulin were observed with the fructose meal but plasma levels of lactate increased more with fructose than with glucose (peak values: 3.3 +/- 0.6 vs 1.5 +/- 0.1 mmol/L, respectively). When fructose provides the only carbohydrate source of a mixed meal, it induces a larger increase in carbohydrate oxidation and thermogenesis than when glucose is the carbohydrate source.
Adolescent, Adult, Blood Glucose/analysis, Body Temperature Regulation, Dietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage, Dietary Carbohydrates/pharmacology, Energy Metabolism, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood, Female, Fructose/blood, Fructose/pharmacology, Glucose/pharmacology, Humans, Insulin/blood, Lactates/blood, Lactic Acid, Male, Pulmonary Gas Exchange
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