Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effect of divalent cations on the molecular structure of the GroEL oligomer.
Structural analysis, by chemical cross-linking with glutardialdehyde (GA), and by urea denaturation, was carried out for the chaperonin oligomer GroEL14 from Escherichia coli. The cross-linking reaction of GroEL14 presents two phases: a rapid intralayer cross-linking reaction, which first occurs between the monomers of individual GroEL7 heptameric rings, and a slow interlayer cross-linking reaction, which later occurs between the two stacked heptameric rings of the GroEL14 oligomer. The biphasic behavior of the cross-linking reaction indicates that the surfaces of contact between GroEL monomers within individual heptameric rings are more extensive than the surfaces of contact between the two GroEL7 rings of the oligomer. Millimolar amounts of the divalent cations Mg2+, Mn2+, Ca2+, or Zn2+, but not of monovalent ions, increase the velocity of both intra- and interlayer cross linking. Divalent cations increase the stability of the native GroEL14 oligomer in urea. In contrast, Mg2+ activates ATP hydrolysis by GroEL14, with an activation constant in the micromolar range, while Ca2+ does not significantly assist ATP hydrolysis. It is concluded that divalent cations affect the structure of GroEL14 in particular the contacts between monomers within the GroEL7 heptameric layers. The effect of divalent cations on the structure of the chaperonin molecule is quantitatively and qualitatively distinct from that of magnesium ions on the chaperonin ATPase activity.
Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism, Bacterial Proteins/chemistry, Bacterial Proteins/genetics, Cations, Divalent/chemistry, Chaperonin 60, Cloning, Molecular, Cross-Linking Reagents, Escherichia coli/genetics, Heat-Shock Proteins/chemistry, Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics, Kinetics, Protein Conformation, Recombinant Proteins/chemistry, Recombinant Proteins/genetics, Urea
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