Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Poster: Summary – with images – on one page of the results of a researche project. The summaries of the poster must be entered in "Abstract" and not "Poster".
Cerebral perfusion CT in the evaluation of children with severe head trauma : 12.06
Title of the conference
Swiss Radiological Congress 2008
St. Gallen, Switzerland, May 29-31, 2008
Swiss Medical Forum = Forum Médical Suisse
Purpose: To assess the value of cerebral perfusion CT (PCT) in children with traumatic brain injury in prediciting their consecutive clinical outcome. Materials and methods: Twelve paediatric patients with acute traumatic brain injury underwent cerebral CT coupled with PCT during their admission at the emergency room (ER). PCT maps were reviewed for mean transit time (MTT), regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) abnormalities. PCT results were compared to short- and mid-term clinical outcome. Results: 3 patients with low Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) (98) and bad clinical outcome showed an increased MTT and decreased rCBV and rCBF. 5 patients with low GCS and good clinical outcome showed an increased MTT without abnormalities of rCBV and rCBF. In patients with GCS 08 and good outcome, PCT maps were normal in 2 cases; transient PCT abnormalities were identified in one case with an embedded fracture of the skull and in one case with an epileptic seizure. Conclusion: Cerebral PCT can identify diffuse abnormalities of cerebral perfusion in children with traumatic brain injury showing a low initial GCS and a bad outcome. PCT can be a valuable tool to predict the severity of the prognosis of these patients as soon as they are evaluated by CT-scan during their admission at the ER.
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