Geophagia secondary to anaemia in a rich country?

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_C3F1DA1E7D89
Type
Actes de conférence (partie): contribution originale à la littérature scientifique, publiée à l'occasion de conférences scientifiques, dans un ouvrage de compte-rendu (proceedings), ou dans l'édition spéciale d'un journal reconnu (conference proceedings).
Sous-type
Poster: résume de manière illustrée et sur une page unique les résultats d'un projet de recherche. Les résumés de poster doivent être entrés sous "Abstract" et non "Poster".
Collection
Publications
Titre
Geophagia secondary to anaemia in a rich country?
Titre de la conférence
79e Assemblée Annuelle de la Société Suisse de Médecine Interne Générale
Auteur(s)
Cheseaux M., Bodenmann P., Yersin S., Favrat B.
Adresse
Lausanne, Suisse, 11-13 mai 2011
ISBN
1424-4985
ISSN-L
1424-4977
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Volume
11
Série
Swiss Medical Forum
Pages
75S-76S
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Case Report: A 19 year old female, originally from Cameroon, residentin Switzerland for 10 years, consults for chronic fatigue, constipationand menorrhagia. Clinical examination reveals pain in the iliac fossa,laboratory tests show an iron deficiency anaemia with a hemoglobinof 74 g/l (N: 117-157) and a ferritin less than 3 μg/l (N: 30-300).Gynecological aetiology is strongly suspected.Findings: The dietary history reveals a high intake of African chalkcalled "Mabel" in Lingala, for which she has a craving with criteria forsubstance dependence according to the Diagnostic and StatisticalManual IV. Eating non-food products is called "PICA" and the eatingof earth "geophagia". It is often assumed by the patient that geophagiaoffers nutritional virtues of the earth, and that the land would act asantitoxic, anti-emetic, immune-stimulant, strengthen the intestinalbarrier and be rich in calcium, iron and many nutrients. But insteadgeophagia causes anemia, iron chelation, heavy metal poisoningand significant constipation or obstruction.Management: The patient, following our advice, stopped ingestingchalk. Parenteral iron substitution of ferric carboxymaltose 1000 mgstopped the craving, and resolved her subjective state of fatigue andher haemoglobin normalized to 140 g/l. The menorrhagia resolved withhormone replacement and the constipation subsequently disappeared.Discussion: Our patient was suffering from iron deficiency resulting ina craving for non-food products in this case the earth. We advisepractitioners to systematically ask the question in patients of Africanand South American origin by using synonyms for the word "Mabel"(African chalk, kaolin, Kalaba, calabash chalk, calabash Stone, Kaolin,hurdle, or clay Nzu). A simple question can sometimes avoid costlyinvestigations. The ferrous replacement intravenously can probably stopthe practice of geophagy faster. Finally, we must remember that thispractice is underestimated and rarely expressed by patients as it isoften felt to be a shameful practice.
Création de la notice
16/02/2012 16:11
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 21:12
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