Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Microsatellite haplotyping and identification of a hot spot for mutations in the beta-myosin heavy chain gene.
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal Article
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease. The first identified disease gene, located on chromosome 14q11-q12, encodes the beta-myosin heavy chain. We have performed linkage analysis of two French FHC pedigrees, 720 and 730, with two microsatellite markers located in the beta-myosin heavy chain gene (MYO I and MYO II) and with four highly informative markers, recently mapped to chromosome 14q11-q12. Significant linkage was found with MYO I and MYO II in pedigree 720, but results were not conclusive for pedigree 730. Haplotype analysis of the six markers allowed identification of affected individuals and of some unaffected subjects carrying the disease gene. Two novel missense mutations were identified in exon 13 by direct sequencing, 403Arg-->Leu and 403Arg-->Trp in families 720 and 730, respectively. The 403Arg-->Leu mutation was associated with incomplete penetrance, a high incidence of sudden deaths and severe cardiac events, whereas the consequences of the 403Arg-->Trp mutation appeared less severe. Haplotyping of polymorphic markers in close linkage to the beta-myosin heavy chain gene can, thus, provide rapid analysis of non informative pedigrees and rapid detection of carrier status. Our results also indicate that codon 403 of the beta-myosin heavy chain gene is a hot spot for mutations causing FHC.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Amino Acid Sequence, Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics, Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/metabolism, Cause of Death, Child, Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14, DNA, Satellite/analysis, DNA, Satellite/genetics, Exons, Female, Genetic Markers, Haplotypes, Humans, Linkage (Genetics), Lod Score, Male, Middle Aged, Myosins/genetics, Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes/genetics, Pedigree, Point Mutation, Recombination, Genetic, Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
Web of science
Last modification date