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Effect of glucose on ureagenesis during exercise in amino acid-infused dogs
Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of glucose administered with amino acids before and during exercise on hepatic ureagenesis. Eight mongrel dogs subjected to treadmill running for 150 minutes at 10 km/h on a 12% incline were intravenously infused with either a mixture of amino acids and glucose (AAG) or amino acids alone (AA). The infusion was started 60 minutes before exercise and continued until the end of exercise. The rate of urinary urea excretion increased after infusion of both AAG and AA. However, the rate of urinary urea excretion was significantly lower in the AAG group versus the AA group during the first 1.5 hours of the recovery period ([R0 to R90] 514+/-24 v 637+/-24 mg/h, mean+/-SE, P < .05). Moreover, hepatic urea output was decreased during AAG versus AA infusion (229+/-62 v 367+/-55 microg/kg/min, P < .05). Hepatic glucose production during exercise was also significantly lower in AAG versus AA infusion (354+/-54 v 589+/-56 mg/kg, P < .05). On the other hand, no difference was observed in hepatic total amino acid uptake between the groups. Thus, these results indicate that AAG administered before and during exercise appears to reduce hepatic ureagenesis due to reduced hepatic gluconeogenesis as compared with administration of AA alone. These findings also suggest that nitrogen retention is enhanced by glucose administered during exercise.
Amino Acids/*administration & dosage/metabolismAnimalsDogsGlucose/administration & dosage/biosynthesis/*pharmacologyInsulin/bloodLiver/blood supply/drug effects/metabolismMale*Physical Conditioning, AnimalRegional Blood Flow/drug effectsUrea/blood/*metabolism/urine
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