Article: article from journal or magazin.
Physiologie des sexués femelles de fourmis (Hymenoptera; Formicidae) en relation avec le mode de fondation
Actes des Colloque Insectes Sociaux
A study was undertaken to determine if there was a relation between the mode of colony founding in ants and the physiology of the new queens produced, in which mature gynes of 24 ant species were examined. Gynes of species utilizing independent colony founding had a far higher relative fat content (X±SD; 54±6%)(g fat/g dry weight) than gynes of species employing dependent colony founding(19±8%). Dimorphism between queens and workers was significantly higher in species employing independent colony founding. Thus independent colony founding not only results in production of queens with a relatively higher fat content and therefore with a higher energy content per g, but also results in the production of larger queens (in comparison with worker size). Of species employing independent colony founding, 80% were monogynous, whereas only 11% of the species employing dependent colony founding were monogynous. These results are discussed with regard to the social structure and life-history of ant species.
life-history, ant, colony founding, gynes, reproductive strategy, energy content, queen/worker dimorphism, polygyny
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