Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Phenotypic heterogeneity of human cardiac stem cell clones and cardiosphere-forming cells
Title of the conference
Stockholm, Sweden, August 28-September 01, 2010
European Heart Journal
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Although cardiac stem cells have been isolated based on stem cell surface markers, no single marker is stem cell-specific. Clonogenicity is a defining functional property of stemness. We therefore analyzed cardiac cell clones derived from human hearts.Methods: Clonogenic cells were derived from adult human atrial samples. Cells were either cultured in the absence of an initial marker selection or, in separate experiments, they were initially selected for c-kit (CD117), CD31 or CD164 by magnetic immunobeads, or for high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH) by FACS. High ALDH activity has been linked to stem/progenitor cells in several tissues. Surface marker analysis was performed by flow cytometry. Cultured cells were also exposed to different factors that modulate cell differentiation, including Dikkopf-1, Noggin, and Wnt-5.Results: Clonogenic cells mainly showed fibroblast-like morphology, ability to grow for more than 30 passages in vitro, and a heterogeneous marker profile even in clones derived from the same cardiac sample. The predominant phenotype was positive for CD13, CD29, CD31, CD44, CD54, CD105 and CD146, but negative for CD10, CD11b, CD14, CD15, CD34, CD38, CD45, CD56, CD106, CD117, CD123, CD133, CD135 and CD271, primarily consistent with endothelial/vascular progenitor cells. However, a minority of clones showed a different profile characterized by expression of CD90, CD106 and CD318, but not CD31 and CD146, consistent with mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells. When initial cell selection was performed, both phenotypes were observed, similarly to unselected cells, irrespective of the selection marker used. Of note, CD117+ sorted cell clones were CD117-negative in culture. Regardless of the immunophenotype, several clones were able to form spheric cell aggregates (cardiospheres), a distinct stem cell property. Dikkopf-1 induced marked CD15 and CD106 upregulation, consistent with stromal differentiation; this effect was prevented by Noggin.Conclusions: The adult human heart contains clonogenic stem/progenitor cells that can be expanded for many passages and form cardiospheres. The surface marker profile of these cells is heterogeneous, consistent with a majority of clones being comprised of endothelial or vascular progenitor cells and a minority of clones consisting of mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells. Dikkopf-1 and Noggin showed opposing effects on stromal differentiation of human cardiac cell clones.
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