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Quantitative gas transfer of an intravascular oxygenator
Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Journal Article --- Old month value: Jan
The intravascular oxygenator is a newly developed device for intracaval gas exchange in critically ill patients with respiratory failure. In an experimental ex vivo model, performance characteristics of the intravascular oxygenator/carbon dioxide removal device were studied. With a mean hemoglobin concentration of 6.2 +/- 1.9 g/dL (mean +/- standard deviation), total O2 transfer was 21.8 +/- 4.8 mL/min at a blood flow of 1 L/min, 37.0 +/- 12.6 mL/min at 2 L/min, at 2 L/min, and 47.5 +/- 16.7 mL/min at 3 L/min. Total CO2 transfer was 27.3 +/- 6.6 mL/min at a blood flow of 1 L/min, 38.6 +/- 8.9 mL/min at 2 L/min, and 40.4 +/- 9.3 mL/min at 3 L/min. In contrast to total gas transfer, O2/CO2 transfer rates (mL/L) diminished significantly with increasing blood flow. In addition, there was a negative correlation between O2 transfer rate and venous O2 partial pressure (r = -0.73; p < 0.0001), a positive correlation between CO2 transfer rate and venous CO2 partial pressure (r = 0.65; p < 0.0001), and a positive correlation between O2 and CO2 transfer rates and blood hemoglobin level (r = 0.57 [p < 0.01] and r = 0.70 [p < 0.01], respectively). These results demonstrate that the behavior of the intravascular hollow-fiber oxygenator is similar to that of the classic membrane oxygenator used for cardiopulmonary bypass: total gas transfer correlates directly with blood flow and venous CO2 partial pressure and indirectly with venous O2 partial pressure. The O2 and CO2 transfer rates increase significantly with increasing hemoglobin content of the blood.
Animals Carbon Dioxide/*blood Cattle Hemoglobin A/analysis Oxygen/*blood *Oxygenators Partial Pressure Regional Blood Flow
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