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Nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation of cholinergic telencephalic neurons in aggregating cell cultures.
Developmental Brain Research
The addition of nerve growth factor (2.5S NGF) to serum-free aggregating cell cultures of fetal rat telencephalon greatly stimulated the developmental increase in choline acetyltransferase activity. Two other neuronal enzymes, acetylcholinesterase and glutamic acid decarboxylase, showed only slightly increased activities after NGF treatment whereas the total protein content of the cultures and the activity of 2',3'- cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase remained unchanged. The stimulation of choline acetyltransferase was dependent on the NGF media concentrations, showing a 50% maximum effect (120% increase) at approximately 3 ng/ml (10-10 M 2.5S NGF). NGF treatments during different culture periods showed that the cholinergic neurons remained responsive for at least 19 days. The continued treatment was the most effective; however, an initial treatment for only 5 days still caused a significant stimulation of choline acetyltransferase on day 19. The observed stimulation appeared to be specific to NGF. Univalent antibody fragments (Fab) against 2.5S NGF completely abolished the NGF-dependent increase in choline acetyltransferase activity, whereas Fab fragments of control IgG were ineffective. Furthermore, angiotensin II, added in high amounts to the cultures, showed no stimulatory effect. The present results suggest that certain populations of rat brain neurons are responsive to nerve growth factor.
Acetylcholinesterase/metabolism, Animals, Cell Differentiation/drug effects, Cells, Cultured, Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism, Cholinergic Fibers/drug effects, Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism, Nerve Growth Factors/pharmacology, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Telencephalon/cytology, Telencephalon/embryology
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