Article: article from journal or magazin.
Changes in neuromuscular function after tasks involving control of EMG versus torque feedback of the same duration.
This study was designed to compare alterations in neuromuscular function after two tasks of similar duration involving the control of (1) torque level fixed at 40% maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) torque (torque task) and (2) EMG level when exerting 40% MVC torque on the knee extensor muscles. Ten healthy subjects volunteered to participate in two testing sessions separated by approximately 2 h. Contraction duration for the EMG task was fixed for each subject to the time to task failure of the torque task (104+/-20s). MVC, maximal voluntary activation level, muscle compound action potential (M-wave), peak twitch and potentiated peak doublet were assessed before and immediately after each task using electrical stimulation of the femoral nerve. Average EMG activity of quadriceps muscle increased (p<0.01) during the torque task from 27.7+/-5.4% to 46.2+/-19.3% maximal EMG, whereas torque decreased during the EMG task from 41.5+/-2.9% to 28.9+/-3.8% MVC torque. Alterations in MVC torque (p<0.01) and maximal voluntary activation level (p<0.05) were comparable at termination of the two tasks. Rate of perceived exertion was greater (p<0.05) at the end of the torque task compared to the EMG task. Despite the absence of change in the M-wave for either task, potentiated peak doublet was altered after the torque task (-18+/-14%, p<0.01), whereas there was no change after the EMG task (p>0.05). The absence of peripheral failure at the end of the EMG task could be attributed to (1) a lower intramuscular pressure allowing a lesser accumulation of metabolites and (2) a slower rate of PCr hydrolysis compared to the torque task.
Adult, Analysis of Variance, Electric Stimulation/methods, Electromyography, Feedback/physiology, Humans, Male, Muscle Contraction/physiology, Muscle Contraction/radiation effects, Muscle, Skeletal/innervation, Muscle, Skeletal/physiology, Nervous System Physiological Phenomena, Time Factors, Torque
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