Article: article from journal or magazin.
Previous thyroid disease and risk of thyroid cancer in Switzerland
European Journal of Cancer (oxford, England : 1990)
A hospital-based case-control study of 86 cases of thyroid cancer and 317 controls was done in the Swiss Canton of Vaud. Patients with thyroid cancer tended to be better educated (odds ratio [OR] 2.1 for greater than or equal to 14 vs. less than or equal to 8 years of education 95% CI 1.1-4.1) and of higher social class than controls. Cases more often had a history of benign thyroid nodules (OR 25.2, 95% CI 7.6-83.6) and non-toxic goitre (OR 5.3, 95% CI 2.5-11.2). Furthermore, patients with thyroid cancer were more likely to have resided in endemic goitre areas (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.0-3.0) and to have had first-degree relatives affected by benign thyroid disease (OR 3.9, 95% CI 2.1-7.1). Therefore, this study offers quantitative evidence of the association between various thyroid diseases and the risk of thyroid cancer which, despite difficulties in the classification of benign and malignant thyroid diseases, is remarkably consistent in studies from different countries.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Educational Status, Female, Goiter/complications, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Risk Factors, Social Class, Switzerland, Thyroid Diseases/complications, Thyroid Neoplasms/etiology
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