Article: article from journal or magazin.
Aortoiliac endarterectomy: a 9-year experience.
Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Thirty-two patients (median age: 51 years) underwent aortoiliac endarterectomy between 1982 and 1990, for disabling claudication (27), rest pain (3), and tissue loss (2). There was no post-operative death and morbidity affected 6 patients. Five patients showed insufficient or suboptimal vascularisation of a limb which justified early reoperation in four. Follow-up was obtained in 31 patients with a median time of 36 months (6 months to 8 years). Five patients experienced recurrence of claudication symptoms: two received an aortofemoral bypass at 6 and 36 months. In the other patients, distal arterial occlusive disease accounted for recurrence alone (2 patients) or in association with aortoiliac involvement (1). Technical problems or disputable indications were responsible for postoperative failure in 3 cases or early recurrence of symptoms in 2. Cumulative patency rates of aortoiliac endarterectomy were 94 and 90 per cent at 2 and 5 years, and actuarial rates of clinical improvement were 90 and 82 per cent at 2 and 5 years, respectively. Aortoiliac endarterectomy provides the advantages of avoiding foreign material. The success of this reconstruction depends on strict criteria of selection and surgical expertise. It is indicated for the relatively young patient with nonectasic disease where atherosclerosis has not attacked the external iliac arteries.
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