Article: article from journal or magazin.
Postnatal gender-dependent maturation of cellular cysteine uptake
Free Radical Research
Journal Article --- Old month value: Aug
BACKGROUND: In view of the functional capacity of glutathione synthesis in premature infants, and because the availability of cysteine is one the rate limiting steps in glutathione synthesis, we hypothesized that the low glutathione levels in premature infants may be due to immaturity of the active cellular uptake of cysteine. OBJECTIVE: To document in cells from newborn infants the effect of maturity and gender on cysteine uptake and consequently on glutathione levels. METHODS: Incorporation of L-[35S] cysteine was measured in leukocytes from cord blood and from tracheal aspirates (TAC) of newborn infants of varying (gestational as well as postnatal) ages and gender. Cysteine uptake was correlated with glutathione in TAC. RESULTS: The maturity of newborn girls positively influences cysteine uptake, which is responsible for 78% of the variation in their glutathione content. However, in newborn boys, gestational and postnatal ages did not influence the cysteine uptake. DISCUSSION: Cysteine uptake appears to be the limiting step explaining the reported gender-related differences in glutathione as well as the low levels of this central antioxidant found in premature infants. The immature cysteine uptake found in cells from premature infants raises questions about the bioavailability of this conditionally essential amino acid in regimens of parenteral nutrition for human neonates.
Age Factors Antioxidants/metabolism Cysteine/*metabolism/*pharmacokinetics Female Fetal Blood/metabolism Gestational Age Glutathione/metabolism Humans Infant, Newborn Infant, Premature Male Sex Factors Time Factors Trachea/metabolism
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