Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Impact of preoperative embolization of the left gastric artery on the rate of anastomotic leakage after esophageal resection
Title of the conference
97th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Interlaken, Switzerland, May 26-28, 2010
British Journal of Surgery
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: Impaired blood flow of the gastric tube represents a major cause of anastomotic leakage after esophageal resection. In order to improve local vascularisation, preoperative embolization (PE) of the left gastric artery has recently been proposed. The aimof this study was to assess our initial experience of this novel approach with a particular focus on anastomotic leakage.Methods: A consecutive series of 102 patients (81 male, 21 female, median age 64 years) underwent resection (82 Ivor-Lewis procedures, 9 transhiatal resections, 11 triple incisions) for esophageal malignancies at our institution from 2000 to 2009. Since 2004, PE was used selectively in 19 patients 21 days prior to elective esophagectomy. Selection criteria were normal gastric vascular anatomy, no pre-existing vascular disease, i.e. atheromatosis of the celiac trunk or superior mesenteric artery, and resectability of the tumor. PE was performed under local anesthesia on a dedicated system in a standard fashion. Following percutaneous transfemoral visceral angiography to identify gastric vascular anatomy, embolization was performed either with 5-F or with coaxial 3-F catheters and fibered metal coils. We analyzed retrospectively patient's data, operative data, and outcome from a prospective database.Results: The overall anastomotic leakage rate was 18・6% (19/102 patients); cervical anastomosis had a leak rate of 25% compared to intrathoracic anastomosis leak rate of 18・2%. While 17 of 83 patients without PE developed anastomotic leakage (20・5%), there were only 2 of 19 patients after PE revealing an anastomotic leakage (10・5%). Otherwise, patients with PE had no more other complications. There was only one PE-related complication (i.e. partial splenic necrosis).Mean hospital stay was 25 days versus 27 days for patients with PE and without PE, respectively. The mortality rate was 7・8% (8/102 patients), whereby four deaths were related to anastomotic leakage (1 and 3 patients with PE and without PE, respectively).Conclusion: PE is an interesting novel approach to improve gastric blood flow in order to minimize anastomotic leakage. Its application is safe and technically easy. Our preliminary experience revealed a decrease of the anastomotic leakage rate of almost 50%.
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