Article: article from journal or magazin.
Expression of facilitative glucose transporter in rat liver and choroid plexus. A histochemical study in native cryostat sections.
Two isoforms of facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT), namely the erythroid/brain-type GLUT 1 and the liver-type GLUT 2, were demonstrated in native cryostat sections of normal rat liver and brain by immunofluorescence and a very sensitive immunoalkaline phosphatase reaction. Fixation with 0.1% alcoholic periodic acid resulted in an excellent localization of GLUT 2 in liver and GLUT 1 in brain. GLUT 1 in liver, however, could successfully be demonstrated after fixation with 1% alcoholic formaldehyde. GLUT 2 occurred in all hepatocytes as a basolateral membrane protein with a gradient of high expression in the periportal area and a lower one in the perivenous part. The first layer of hepatocytes adjacent to the hepatic vein coexpressed GLUT 1. In addition, GLUT 1 could be detected in the smooth muscle layer of the portal vein and in the apical and lateral plasma membrane of the bile duct epithelium. In brain, GLUT 1 showed a high expression in the microvessels, the ependyma and in the basal plasma membrane of choroid plexus epithelial cells. The blood capillaries associated with the choroidal epithelium were, however, negative for GLUT 1. The importance of the new findings in this study for the physiological role of the respective facilitative glucose transport proteins is discussed.
Alkaline Phosphatase, Animals, Choroid Plexus, Ependyma, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Glucose, Immunohistochemistry, Liver, Male, Monosaccharide Transport Proteins, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains
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