Article: article from journal or magazin.
Prospective study on procalcitonin and other systemic infection markers in patients with leukocytosis.
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
OBJECTIVE: To better assess the diagnosis of an infection in patients presenting at an emergency department with peripheral blood leukocytosis (>10 x 10(9) cells/l) on laboratory testing. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated serum procalcitonin concentration (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Patients were divided into two groups according to their final diagnosis: patients with infection and those without infection. PCT, CRP, and ESR were compared between these groups. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, negative predictive values, receiver operating characteristic curves, and areas under the curves were calculated for each biological measurement. RESULTS: Out of 173 patients, 99 (57%) had a final diagnosis of systemic infection. If a cutoff point of 0.5 ng/ml is considered, procalcitonin concentration had a sensitivity of 0.57, a specificity of 0.85, a negative predictive value of 0.59, and a positive predictive value of 0.84 for the diagnosis of a systemic infection. Adding CRP or ESR to PCT gave no more information (p=0.84). CONCLUSIONS: Only about half of the patients attending the emergency department with leukocytosis were suffering from an infection. Determination of the procalcitonin level may be useful for these patients, particularly in the case of a value higher than 0.5 ng/ml.
Aged, Area Under Curve, Biological Markers/blood, Blood Sedimentation, C-Reactive Protein/analysis, Calcitonin/blood, Female, Humans, Infection/diagnosis, Leukocytosis/diagnosis, Leukocytosis/etiology, Male, Middle Aged, Predictive Value of Tests, Protein Precursors/blood, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity
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