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Early stage primary bone lymphoma - a retrospective, multicenter rare cancer network (rcn) study
Title of the conference
15th Annual Meeting of the Scientific Association of Swiss Radiation Oncology
Geneva, Switzerland, March 31-April 2, 2011
Strahlentherapie und Onkologie
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Purpose: Primary bone lymphoma (PBL) accounts for less than 1% of all malignant lymphomas, and 4-5% of all extra-nodal lymphomas. In this study, the disease profile, outcome, and prognostic factors were assessed in patients with stage I and II PBL.Patients and Methods: Thirteen Rare Cancer Network (RCN) institutions enrolled 116 consecutive patients with PBL treated between 1987 and 2008 in this study. Inclusion criteria were age > 16 years, stage I and II, minimum 6 months follow-up and a biopsy-proven confirmation of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Eighty-seven patients underwent chemoradiotherapy (CXRT), 15 radiotherapy (RT) without (13) or with (2) surgery, 14 chemotherapy (CXT) without (9) or with (5) surgery. Median RT dose was 40 Gy (range: 4-60). The median number of CXT cycles was 6 (range: 2-8). Median follow-up was 41 months (range: 6-242).Results: The overall response rate at the end of treatment was 91% (CR 74%, PR 17%). Local recurrence or progression was observed in 12 (10%) patients, and systemic recurrence in 17 (15%). Causes of death included disease progression in 21, unrelated in 5, CXT-related toxicity in 1, and second primary cancer in 2 patients. The 5-yr overall survival (OS), lymphoma-specific survival (LSS), and local control (LC) were 76%, 78% and 92%, respectively. In univariate analyses (log-rank test), favorable prognostic factors for OS were age <50 years (P=0.008), international prognostic index (IPI) score ≤1 (P=0.009), high grade histology (P=0.04), CXRT (P=0.05), CXT (P=0,0004), complete response (CR) (P<0.0001), number of CXT cycles ( ≥6 ) (P=0.01), and RT dose > 40 Gy (P=0.005). All above-mentioned parameters were also significant for LSS except for age and number of chemotherapy cycles. For LC, only CR and stage I were favorable factors. In multivariate analysis, IPI score, RT dose, complete response, and chemotherapy were independently influencing the outcome (OS and LSS). Complete response at the end of treatment was the only predicting factor for LC. Six patients developed grade 3 or more toxicities, according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) V3.0.Conclusion: This large multicenter study confirms the relatively good prognosis of early stage PBL treated with combined CXRT. Local control was excellent, while systemic failures were rare. An adequate dose of RT (40 Gy or more) and complete CXT regime (≥ 6 cycles) were associated with better outcome.
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