Article: article from journal or magazin.
Murine alpha1-adrenoceptor subtypes. I. Radioligand binding studies.
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Alpha1-adrenoceptors were identified in murine tissues by [3H]prazosin saturation binding studies, with a rank order of cerebral cortex > cerebellum > liver > lung > kidney > heart > spleen, with the spleen not exhibiting detectable expression. Competition binding studies were performed with 5-methylurapidil, BMY 7378, methoxamine, (+)-niguldipine, noradrenaline, SB 216469 and tamsulosin. On the basis of monophasic low-affinity competition by BMY 7378, alpha1D-adrenoceptors were not detected at the protein level in any tissue. On the basis of competition studies with the alpha1A/alpha1B-discriminating drugs, alpha1B-adrenoceptors appeared to be the predominant or even the sole subtype in murine liver, lung and cerebellum, whereas murine cerebral cortex and kidney contained approximately 30% and 50% of alpha1A-adrenoceptors, respectively. The affinities of the various competitors in the murine tissues were quite similar to those reported from other species. The ratio of high- and low-affinity sites for tamsulosin did not in all cases match the percentages of alpha1A- and alpha1B-adrenoceptors detected by the other competitors; however, the low-affinity component of the tamsulosin competition curves was abolished in the cerebral cortex of alpha1B-adrenoceptor knockout mice. Treatment with chloroethylclonidine (10 microM, 30 min, 37 degrees C) inactivated the alpha1-adrenoceptors in all tissues by >75%. When the concentration-dependent inactivation of tissue alpha1B-adrenoceptors (liver) and tissue alpha1A-adrenoceptors (cerebral cortex from alpha1B-adrenoceptor knockout mice) was compared, alpha1A-adrenoceptors were only slightly less sensitive toward chloroethylclonidine than alpha1B-adrenoceptors. We conclude that murine tissues express alpha1A- and alpha1B-adrenoceptors, which are largely similar to those in other species. However, the tissue-specific distribution of subtypes may differ from that of other species.
Adrenergic alpha-1 Receptor Antagonists, Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists/pharmacology, Animals, Binding, Competitive/drug effects, Brain Chemistry/drug effects, Clonidine/analogs & derivatives, Clonidine/pharmacology, Female, Kidney/drug effects, Kidney/metabolism, Liver/drug effects, Liver/metabolism, Male, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Radioligand Assay, Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1/metabolism
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