Article: article from journal or magazin.
Renal endothelin receptor type B upregulation in rats with low or high renin hypertension.
Journal of hypertension
Publication types: Journal Article - Publication Status: ppublish
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) in hypertension, we investigated density and distribution of ETA and ETB receptors in hearts and kidneys of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt and 1 kidney -- 1 clip (1K1C) hypertensive rats. METHODS: Five groups of uninephrectomized Wistar rats were put on a low salt diet. Three groups of rats drank tap water and two groups received saline. One group of each regimen received DOCA subcutaneously and two corresponding groups without DOCA served as controls. The fifth group of rats had the renal artery clipped to induce 1K1C hypertension. At 6 weeks, mean arterial pressure (MAP) was recorded and membrane binding assays using 125I-ET-1 were carried out. RESULTS: MAP was increased from control 122 +/- 3 to 155 +/- 6 and 218 +/- 11 mmHg in DOCA-salt and 1K1C rats, respectively, and cardiac weight index was increased. ETA receptors were predominantly expressed in the heart, whereas ETB receptors were predominant in the kidney. In the kidneys, the density of the ETB receptor subtype was upregulated in DOCA-salt and 1K1C rats from 160 +/- 8 to 217 +/- 12 and 190 +/- 2 fmol/mg (P < 0.05), respectively, and ETA tended to be downregulated (P = 0.057). Plasma renin activity was decreased in DOCA-salt rats from 17 +/- 3 to 0.17 +/- 0.01 ng/ml per h and increased in 1K1C rats on low salt diet to 30 +/- 5 ng/ml per h. CONCLUSIONS: Since ETB is the predominant endothelin receptor in the kidneys, upregulation of the ETB receptor mediating vasodilation and downregulation of the ETA receptor mediating vasoconstriction would be compatible with a mainly renal counter-regulatory effect of endothelin-1 to hypertension. Both low and high renin models of hypertension may be affected.
Animals, Blood Pressure, Body Weight, Desoxycorticosterone, Endothelin-1, Heart Rate, Hypertension, Renal, Iodine Radioisotopes, Kidney, Myocardium, Radioligand Assay, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Receptor, Endothelin A, Receptor, Endothelin B, Renin, Sodium Chloride, Up-Regulation
Web of science
Last modification date