Article: article from journal or magazin.
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Integrins, endometrial maturation, & human embryo implantation.
Seminars in Reproductive Endocrinology
Publication types: Journal Article ; ReviewPublication Status: ppublish
Cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions are fundamental processes involved in cell migration and tissue remodeling. Both the cyclic regeneration of the human endometrium during the menstrual cycle as well as the process of embryo implantation involve such dynamic interactions. It has become quite clear that integrin adhesion molecules expressed on the surface of cells play critical roles in the transmission of signals from the extracellular milieu to the cells. It is these signals that presumably regulate the behavior of these cells during major morphogenetic processes. In recent years, work in human endometrium and trophoblasts has uncovered both the regulated and constitutive expression of integrin subunits and their extracellular matrix ligands in these tissues. In addition, attempts have been made to correlate pathological states related to either infertility or abnormal pregnancy to the aberrant expression of several of these integrins. The purpose of the present review is to describe briefly our present state of knowledge of the expression of integrins in human endometrium and trophoblasts and provide the reader with the necessary background needed to understand, at the cellular and molecular levels, processes in reproduction such as embryo implantation.
Embryo Implantation/physiology, Embryonic and Fetal Development/physiology, Endometrium/physiology, Female, Gene Expression, Humans, Integrins/biosynthesis, Integrins/physiology, Menstrual Cycle/physiology, Pregnancy, Signal Transduction, Trophoblasts/physiology
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