Hypnotic consumption in the Portuguese population: data from the National Health Survey 1998-1999

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_946D014FBE38
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Hypnotic consumption in the Portuguese population: data from the National Health Survey 1998-1999
Périodique
Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Auteur(s)
Marques-Vidal P., Dias C.M.
ISSN
1053-8569 (Print)
ISSN-L
1053-8569
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2006
Volume
15
Numéro
1
Pages
63-69
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and factors related to hypnotic intake in Portugal.
METHODS: Data from the National Health Survey conducted in 1998-1999 in a representative sample of 39 640 subjects aged > 18 years. Subjects were asked if they took hypnotics, for how long and also for how many days they had taken them the previous 2 weeks.
RESULTS: Overall, 13% of subjects reported taking hypnotics, and this frequency was higher for women (19%) than for men (7.4%, p < 0.001) and increased from 1.5% among age group [18-25[ to 26.2% among subjects aged > 75 years (p < 0.001). In both genders, the Lisbon region had the higher prevalence (15.4%) and Algarve the lowest (10%, p < 0.001); also ex-smokers the highest (15.4%), and current smokers the lowest prevalence (6.8%, p < 0.001). Women took hypnotics continuously during the previous 2 weeks more frequently than men (75 vs. 70%, p < 0.001), and the main reason for intake also differed between genders (p < 0.001). Finally, 69% of the subjects reported taking hypnotics for more than 3 years, and this prevalence was higher in women (71.6%) than in men (62.0%, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed hypnotic intake to be positively related with age and inversely related with a sedentary lifestyle in both genders, and positively related with smoking and negatively related with obesity in men.
CONCLUSION: A significant percentage of the Portuguese population takes hypnotics in an almost continuous manner, and the intake is related to gender, age, obesity, and physical activity status.
Mots-clé
Hypnotics and Sedatives/administration & dosage, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
01/12/2016 16:01
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:37
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