The red island and the seven dwarfs: body size reduction in Cheirogaleidae

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_93BB64798729
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
The red island and the seven dwarfs: body size reduction in Cheirogaleidae
Périodique
Journal of Biogeography
Auteur(s)
Masters J.C., Genin F., Silvestro D., Lister A.M., DelPero M.
ISSN
1365-2699 (electronic)
ISSN-L
0305-0270
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2014
Volume
41
Numéro
10
Pages
1833-1847
Langue
anglais
Résumé
AimSmall body size in Madagascar's dwarf and mouse lemurs (Cheirogaleidae) is generally viewed as primitive. We investigated the evolution of body size in this family and in its sister-taxon, the Lepilemuridae, from phylogenetic, ontogenetic and adaptive perspectives.
LocationMadagascar.
MethodsWe used a phylogenetic method to reconstruct the evolution of body size in lemurs, and allometric regression models of gestation periods and static and growth allometries in Cheirogaleidae and Lepilemuridae to test the hypothesis that dwarfing occurred as a result of truncated ontogeny (progenesis). We also examined adaptive hypotheses relating body size to environmental variability, life history, seasonality of reproduction, hypothermy (use of torpor), and a diet rich in plant exudates.
ResultsOur results indicated that cheirogaleids experienced at least four independent events of body size reduction from an ancestor as large as living Lepilemuridae, by means of progenesis. Our interpretation is supported by the paedomorphic appearance and parallel ontogenetic trajectories of the dwarf taxa, as well as their very short gestation periods and increased fecundity. Lepilemur species that occupy more predictable environments are significantly larger than those occupying unpredictable habitats.
Main conclusionsCheirogaleidae appear to be paedomorphic dwarfs, a consequence of progenesis, probably as an adaptation to high environmental unpredictability. Although the capacity to use hypothermy is related to small body size, this advantage is unlikely to have driven dwarfing in cheirogaleids. We propose that gummmivory/exudativory co-evolved with body size reduction in this clade, probably from a folivorous ancestor. Their small size is derived, and their suitability as models for the ancestral primate' is therefore dubious.
Mots-clé
Ancestor reconstruction, body size evolution, dwarfism, hypervariability, island rule, lemurs, Lepilemuridae, Madagascar, ontogeny, progenesis
Web of science
Création de la notice
16/10/2014 9:19
Dernière modification de la notice
03/03/2018 19:35
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