Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy: a case report and review of the aetiopathogenic hypotheses.
Medicina Oral, Patología Oral Y Cirugía Bucal
The case of a 2-month-old healthy infant without relevant medical history. The patient was referred due to the aggravation of a swelling occupying the left half of the anterior maxilla. This lesion became visible approximately one month ago; it involved the buccal gingiva and alveolar bone, including the deciduous tooth germs 6.1 and 6.2. The swelling had dimensions of 20 mm x 20 mm. The surgical excision was performed under general anesthesia. The tooth buds of 6.1 and 6.2 were closely related to the tumour and so were removed. The lesion was entirely enucleated. The pathology of the lesion confirmed a melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy. The melanotic neuroectodermal tumour of infancy (MNTI) has been described as a rare benign pigmented painless swelling that usually occurs in the anterior region of the maxilla and in the incisor region. The histological examination showed small basophilic cells, many containing melanin pigmentation within the cytoplasm, with a second population of larger cubical cells with abundant cytoplasm, arranged in alveolar or adenoid clusters. According to Krompecher this tumour derives from epithelial nests evolved at the time of embryonic fusion of the facial processes. It has also been suggested that the tumour arises from the retinal anlage by a pinching-off process of neuroepithelium during the formation of embryonic eye. More recently, the presence of high levels of vanillylmandelic acid suggest a neural origin of the tumour.
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumour, melanine, maxilla, : neural crest origin, of-the-literature
Web of science
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