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Torasemide is an effective diuretic in the newborn rabbit.
The effect of intravenous (i.v.) torasemide on diuresis and renal function was evaluated in three groups of normoxemic, 5- to 10-day-old, newborn New Zealand White rabbits. The animals of group 1 received 0.2 mg/kg of torasemide i.v., whereas in group 2 an i.v. dose of 1.0 mg/kg was given. The third group of animals received a bolus i.v. dose of 1.0 mg/kg torasemide with continuous i.v. replacement of estimated urinary fluid and electrolyte losses. Torasemide proved to be an effective, potassium-sparing diuretic, without significant effect on glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Renal blood flow (RBF) fell and the renal vascular resistance (RVR) rose in all three groups of animals, although the rise in RVR in group 3 was not significant. These changes in renal hemodynamics were most pronounced in the animals of group 2 and are probably secondary to torasemide-induced hypovolemia (2.8% loss of body weight) and accompanying humoral reactions, such as an increase in angiotensin II (not measured). When the latter is prevented by simultaneous re-infusion of an electrolyte solution (group 3), replacing urinary losses, GFR increases and the changes in RBF and RVR are blunted. We conclude that torasemide is an effective, potassium-sparing diuretic in newborn rabbits. No evidence was found for a vasodilatory action of the drug.
Animals, Animals, Newborn/physiology, Diuresis/drug effects, Diuretics/pharmacology, Glomerular Filtration Rate/drug effects, Kidney/drug effects, Kidney Function Tests, Natriuresis/drug effects, Rabbits, Renal Circulation/drug effects, Sulfonamides/pharmacology, Urodynamics/drug effects
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