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Shedding light on proteolytic cleavage of CD44: the responsible sheddase and functional significance of shedding.
Journal of Investigative Dermatology
CD44 is the major cell-surface receptor for hyaluronan, which is implicated in cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion, cell migration, and signaling. Studies have shown that CD44-dependent migration requires CD44 to be shed from the cell surface and that matrix metalloproteinase-mediated cleavage may provide an underlying mechanism. However, the full spectrum of proteases that may participate in CD44 shedding has yet to be defined. In this issue, Anderegg et al. demonstrate that ADAM10, but not ADAM17 or MMP14, mediates constitutive shedding of CD44 in human melanoma cells and that knockdown of ADAM10 blocks the antiproliferative activity of the soluble proteolytic cleavage product of CD44.
ADAM Proteins/metabolism, Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/metabolism, Antigens, CD44/biosynthesis, Antigens, CD44/physiology, Cell Adhesion, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Membrane/metabolism, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Hyaluronic Acid/metabolism, Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/metabolism, Matrix Metalloproteinases/metabolism, Membrane Proteins/metabolism, Models, Biological, Neoplasms/therapy, Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism
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