Article: article from journal or magazin.
Disappearance rate of catecholamines, total metanephrines, and neuropeptide Y from the plasma of patients after resection of pheochromocytoma.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: Plasma free metanephrines are a more reliable analyte to measure than catecholamines for the biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytomas. We hypothesized that the long persistence of total (sulfate-conjugated plus free) metanephrines in the blood might have a significant diagnostic value. METHODS: We measured plasma concentrations of catecholamines and total metanephrines (sulfate-conjugated plus free forms) by HPLC with amperometric detection, and neuropeptide Y (NPY) by an amplified ELISA in seven patients before and after removal of their pheochromocytomas. The results for catecholamine, total metanephrines, and NPY in each patient were analyzed for up to 120 min, starting from the time of tumor vessel clamping. The persistence of analytes was quantified as the area under the concentration-time curve over 120 min. RESULTS: On the basis of the upper reference limit for each variable, plasma free norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) concentrations were increased preoperatively in at least one sample in seven and six patients, respectively. Total normetanephrine (NMN) and metanephrine (MN) were increased in all samples in seven and six patients, respectively. NPY was increased 2- to 465-fold. After removal of the tumor, MN and NMN showed a higher average relative increase above the upper limit of the reference interval than NE and E (P = 0.05), whereas NPY was intermediate. The persistence of increased values was significantly shorter for catecholamines than for metanephrines. The half-life estimated by nonlinear regression was 12.3 +/- 7.8 min for NPY. Significant correlations were observed among NE, E, NMN, MN, and NPY concentrations, but parent markers (E and MN or NE and NMN) did not appear significantly intercorrelated. CONCLUSIONS: A larger increase and a longer persistence of total metanephrines (reflecting predominantly sulfo-conjugated metanephrines) than catecholamines and NPY in plasma may contribute to their greater diagnostic accuracy in pheochromocytoma.
Catecholamines/blood, Female, Half-Life, Humans, Male, Metanephrine/blood, Neuropeptide Y/blood, Pheochromocytoma/blood, Pheochromocytoma/surgery
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