Article: article from journal or magazin.
Effect of conditioned media, nutritive elements, and mitotic synchronization on the accuracy of the cytogenetic analysis in acute nonlymphocytic leukemia patients presenting with inv(16)/t(16;16) or t(15;17).
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
To improve the yield of the cytogenetic analysis in patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL), six culture conditions for bone marrow or peripheral blood cells were tested in parallel. Two conditioned media (CM), phytohemagglutinin leukocyte PHA-LCM and 5637 CM, nutritive elements (NE), and methotrexate (MTX) cell synchronization were investigated in 14 patients presenting with either inv(16)/ t(16;16) (group 1, n = 9 patients) or t(15;17) (group 2, n = 5). The criteria used to identify the most favorable culture conditions were the mitotic index (MI), the morphological index (MorI), and the percentage of abnormal metaphases. In the presence of PHA-LCM and 5637 CM, the MI were significantly increased in group 2, whereas in the MTX conditions, MI remained very low in both groups. The values of the MorI did not reveal any significant changes in chromosome resolution between the conditions in either group. The addition of NE did not have a positive effect in quantity or quality of metaphases. Because of the variability of the response of leukemic cells to different stimulations in vitro, several culture conditions in parallel are required to ensure a satisfactory yield of the chromosome analysis in ANLL.
Bone Marrow, Chromosome Aberrations, Chromosome Disorders, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17, Culture Media, Cytogenetics, Humans, Inversion, Chromosome, Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute, Mitosis, Translocation, Genetic, Tumor Cells, Cultured
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