Article: article from journal or magazin.
Diagnostic value of vestibulo-ocular reflex parameters in the detection and characterization of labyrinthine lesions.
Otology & Neurotology
Publication types: Evaluation Studies ; Journal Article
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the power of various parameters of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in detecting unilateral peripheral vestibular dysfunction and in characterizing certain inner ear pathologies. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of consecutive ambulatory patients presenting with acute onset of peripheral vertigo and spontaneous nystagmus. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Seventy-four patients (40 females, 34 males) and 22 normal subjects (11 females, 11 males) were included in the study. Patients were classified in three main diagnoses: vestibular neuritis: 40; viral labyrinthitis: 22; Meniere's disease: 12. METHODS: The VOR function was evaluated by standard caloric and impulse rotary tests (velocity step). A mathematical model of vestibular function was used to characterize the VOR response to rotational stimulation. The diagnostic value of the different VOR parameters was assessed by uni- and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: In univariable analysis, caloric asymmetry emerged as the most powerful VOR parameter in identifying unilateral vestibular deficit, with a boundary limit set at 20%. In multivariable analysis, the combination of caloric asymmetry and rotational time constant asymmetry significantly improved the discriminatory power over caloric alone (p<0.0001) and produced a detection score with a correct classification of 92.4%. In discriminating labyrinthine diseases, different combinations of the VOR parameters were obtained for each diagnosis (p<0.003) supporting that the VOR characteristics differ between the three inner ear disorders. However, the clinical usefulness of these characteristics in separating the pathologies was limited. CONCLUSION: We propose a powerful logistic model combining the indices of caloric and time constant asymmetries to detect a peripheral vestibular loss, with an accuracy of 92.4%. Based on vestibular data only, the discrimination between the different inner ear diseases is statistically possible, which supports different pathophysiologic changes in labyrinthine pathologies.
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Case-Control Studies, Female, Humans, Labyrinth Diseases/diagnosis, Labyrinth Diseases/physiopathology, Labyrinthitis/diagnosis, Labyrinthitis/physiopathology, Logistic Models, Male, Meniere Disease/diagnosis, Meniere Disease/physiopathology, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Nystagmus, Pathologic, Prospective Studies, Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology, Vertigo, Vestibular Function Tests
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